U Saw was a leading Burmese politician and the Prime Minister of British Burma during the colonial era before the Second World War. Unknown author .wikimedia

Top 10 Interesting Facts about U Saw


 

U saw was born on 16 March 1900 in Okpho, Tharrawaddy District, British Burma. He was a leading Burmese politician. U Saw served as Prime Minister of British Burma during the colonial era before the second world war.

He was also a Lawyer by profession. U Saw was also established for his role in the assassination of Burma’s national hero, Aung Dan.

He was the second son out of children. His father was Phoe Kyuu, a landowner and his mother were Daw Pann.

He was educated at a Roman Catholic Missionary school in Gyobingauk. Saw was married to Than Khin.

Let’s learn more facts about U saw.

1. He First made His Name by Defending a Galon Peasant Rebeller

U Saw schooled at the Roman Catholic Missionary School in Gyobingauk. He was a lawyer by training.

He first made his name by Defending Saya San at his trial by the British colonial government. Saya was a former monk and medicine man. Who later became the leader of the Galon Peasant Rebellion. This made him be referred to as Galon U Saw.

2. U Saw was Elected to the Legislative Council in the 1936 General Elections

In 1935, U Saw purchased the Thuriya( Sun) newspaper. He turned it into a device to promote himself and his political interests.

However, he was elected to the legislative council. This was during the 1936 general elections. He was elected as a member of the United GCBA (General Council of Burmese Associations).

3. The Founder and Leader of the Patriot’s Party

Two years after being elected to the legislative council he formed the Patriot’s Party. The party was formed in 1938. This after U Saw left the United GCBA.

It Initially consisted of a group of around ten MPs from wealthy backgrounds. The party was highly supported by businessmen and landlords.

 In April 1938, the party’s paramilitary volunteer corps was created (The Golon Tat). The Galon Tat was modelled on fascist organisations in Europe and possibly funded by the Japanese. By 1941, it was the largest volunteer organisation in the country.

4. U Saw Served as the Third Prime Minister of Burma

In 1949, the government that was led by Ba Maw fell. Governor Archibald Cochrane included the Patriot Party in the government. 1940, Saw was appointed as the prime Minister. He served for 3 years.

5. He Travelled to London to Seek Dominance Status For Burma after Second World War

In November, he travelled to London and tried to gain a promise from Winston Churchill that Burma is granted Dominion status after the Second World War. However, this was unsuccessful. The term Dominion was used to refer to one of several self-governing nations of the British Empire.

Moreover, he spent several weeks in Washington Dc. He was convincing Roosevelt to pressure Churchill into granting Burma independence.

6. His Four Years Detection in Uganda by the British Government

After his trip to London, he made contact with the Japanese Legation and offered Burmese support should the Japanese decide to invade. Unfortunately, the British had cracked Japan’s diplomatic and naval cypher messages.

The British got information about his plan. He was arrested upon his arrival in Egypt by the British police. He was kept in prison in Uganda for the following four years.

7. His Loss as a Contender For the Office of the Prime Minister of Independent Burma

After the war, U Saw considered himself a contender for the office of the first Prime Minister of independent Burma. Unfortunately, Aung San won the election with the Anti-Fascist People’s Freedom League ( AFPFL) organisation. The victory of the AFPFL had been interpreted as a universal endorsement of Aung San.

However, the claims were far from the truth. The AFPFL was a coalition of widely divergent political parties including primarily Communists, Socialists, and the Burma National Army (BNA) led by Gen. Thus no single group or individual could claim to lead it effectively as a whole.

8. U Saw was Accused of Assassinating Aung San and His Cabinet Ministers

U Saw and eight others behind the situation were arrested by the British authorities. He was found guilty and sentenced to death on December 30, 1947. Unknown author. wikimedia

On 19 July 1947, Aung San and six of his Cabinet ministers were assassinated. They were killed by a gang of armed paramilitaries. That broke into the Secretariat Building in downtown Rangoon during a meeting of the Executive Council.

The evidence implicated U Saw as the ringleader. He was arrested with 8 others by the British authorities.

 They were tried before a special tribunal set up by sir Hubert Rance, the British colonial governor. He was found guilty and sentenced to death.

Shortly after U Saw’s conviction, several low-ranking British Officers were accused of selling guns to several Burmese politicians including U Saw. Captain David Vivian, a British Army officer, was sentenced to five years imprisonment for supplying U Saw with weapons.

9. He Ordered His Wife to Pay Life Compensations for the Nine Martyrs he Killed

U Saw’s wife was Than Khin. Before, she was married to Maung Galay, a criminal officer. However, she got married to U Saw after her first husband was killed.

After the world war, she served in the All Burma Women’s Independence League along with Khin Kyi and Lady Paw Tun. However, during the death sentence of her husband, She tried to rent a barrister-at-law from London to save him.

Unfortunately, appeals to the High Court of Burma were rejected on 8 March 1948. Saw requested her to pay life compensations for the nine martyrs he killed.

She honoured her husband’s request and paid eight of them. However, one whose husband was killed among the 9 martyrs refused Khin Kyi.

She said, “I became a widow because your husband killed my husband. You will soon become a widow, so I do not want to take that life compensation.”

10. U Saw was Executed by Hanging at Insein Jail

The last Dat of U saw. Unknown Author.Wikimedia

After Burma become independent in January 1948. The Burmese authorities decided to Carry out the verdict of the British court.

In March 1948, the Rangoon High Court rejected U Saw claims that the tribunal lacked jurisdiction and requests for a new trial and upheld the death sentence. He was executed by hanging at Insein Jail on 8 May 1948. U Saw was buried, according to custom, in an unmarked grave within the prison.