Must-See Museums in Istanbul
For museum lovers, Istanbul offers an amazing mix of museums that caters to many tastes and curiosities. There are world-class museums such as Istanbul Modern and the historical sites preserved as museums so that future generations can get a glimpse of the past.
It has a fascinating range of museums that are unique to the city/country such as the Bank museum (Turkey’s first bank), Tulip museum (visit it in April inside the Emirgan Grove), the Quincentennial Foundation Museum of Turkish Jews near Galata, Great Palace Mosaics Museum (mosaics from the Byzantine/Roman era), the postal museum and a railway museum (the Orient Express) in Eminönu, the Chora Museum, Harbiye Military Museum, Divan Literature Museum and the Museum of Innocence (by Nobel Laureate Orhan Pamuk), just to name a few!
There are a few great art museums as well such as the Pera Museum and the Istanbul Modern (which is currently being renovated as part of an urban development plan for Karaköy). On the other hand, some unusual museums include the Museum of Illusions, the Mevlevihanesi Museum (or the museum for the Sufi dervishes) minutes away from the Galata Tower. Take your time to visit some of these themed museums. There are still other museums housed in pavilions or former homes of famous Ottoman nobility (such as the ones in Caddebostan) or Turkish rockstars such as Barış Manço that have been preserved for fans and curious tourists.
There really are an incredible number of museums in the city, so do make a plan to visit a fair few of the following, as well as some of the unusual ones mentioned above!
Hagia Sophia Museum
Rebuilt by Justinian the Great to outshine all other religious buildings, Hagia Sophia or the Holy Wisdom as it was known, with a large dome, has stood in the same spot for thousands of years.
Together with its massive dome and its mosaics, the structure has a pulpit and a mihrab built by the Ottomans. Hanging chandeliers and unique mosaics make it a unique religious shrine. It served as the seat of Eastern Orthodox Christianity. Later, it was also used as a catholic church and a mosque.
After the establishment of the Republic of Turkey, it operates as a museum. The 1500-year-old Byzantine building’s mosaics are very popular among tourists and it’s also a World Heritage Site. Today, it is Istanbul’s most visited museum!
OPENING HOURS: YOU CAN VISIT BETWEEN 9 AM AND 5 PM (closed on Mondays)
entrance fee: 100 TL
address: Sultan Ahmet, Ayasofya Meydanı No:1, 34122 Fatih/İstanbulSultan Ahmet, Ayasofya Meydanı No:1, 34122 Fatih/İstanbul
TRAIN STOP: Sultanahmet
Topkapı Palace Museum
An enormous complex of buildings, pavilions and kiosks make up the Topkapı Palace. It served as the seat of power and the official residence for the Ottoman Sultans for hundreds of years. It is a designated UNESCO World Heritage site and a part of the old historical district of the city.
The views from the palace are unrivalled as it was built at the point called Seraglio Point, where the Marmara Sea and Bosphorus Strait meet.
The grandeur of the palace and its kiosks is a reminder of the impact that the Ottoman Empire and its culture and history had on the world.
A day is well spent here admiring the many courtyards, kiosks, rose and tulip gardens and the invaluable artefacts inside. It’s a trip back in history. Be sure to check the Harem quarters as well but also provides some insight into the personal quarters of the royal family, their servants and concubines.
OPENING HOURS: YOU CAN VISIT BETWEEN 9 AM AND 6 PM (closed on Tuesdays)
entrance fee: 100 TL, 70 TL (EXTRA FOR HAREM QUARTERS)
address: Cankurtaran, 34122 Fatih/İstanbul
TRAIN STOP: Sultanahmet
Istanbul Archaeology Museums
There are a few museums inside the Archaeology Museums in Istanbul — hence the term ‘museums’. One called Çinili Kösk was built by Sultan Fatih Mehmed and now houses the tile museum. The main building is where the archaeological finds are displayed, while the third building houses the Museum of the Ancient Orient.
The collections in all the three comprise a few sarcophagi, carved statues, famous Iznik tiles and ancient documents, for example.
Relics from all parts of the Ottoman empire that were dug up during its reign are on display here, and the main building itself was erected by Osman Hamdi Bey, one of the most important painters and architects of the late Ottoman era.
A fascinating sarcophagus depicting Alexander is on display here under a glass case, an artefact from Sidon in present-day Lebanon. In the Tile museum, you’ll find a beautiful ‘mihrab’ or niche that shows the direction of prayer with its brilliant blue tiles — from the Karamanid dynasty in Anatolia, perhaps the only surviving piece from that dynasty. On the other hand, you’ll also find artefacts from Babylon and Mesopotamia.
The accompanying small landscaped garden is also worth a stroll as it acts as an open-air museum with marbled columns and many tombs, for instance.
OPENING HOURS: YOU CAN VISIT BETWEEN 9 AM AND 7 PM
entrance fee: 50 tl
address: Cankurtaran, 34122 Fatih/İstanbul
tram STOP: gülhane
SALT Galata & the Ottoman Bank Museum
Housed in a historical building on a well-known street called ‘Bankalar Caddesi,‘ SALT Galata is a modern art and cultural institution in the original location of the now-defunct Ottoman Bank.
The building housed the Ottoman empire’s Imperial bank. It has now been restored to house the current art space with a cafe and a library.
To preserve the heritage and history of the building, SALT Galata offers contemporary art exhibits, historical/heritage research and preservation through SALT Research and SALT Online (Archival research and preservation). Preserving Istanbul’s past through photographic evidence and documentation, it provides a unique look into the history of the country. This is in conjunction with a museum section that showcases financial history and artefacts of the original bank, including old banknotes, workers, lockers and safe systems built by London’s safe manufacturers of the time ‘Chatwood’.
OPENING HOURS: YOU CAN VISIT BETWEEN 11 AM AND 5 PM (closed on Mondays)
entrance fee: free
address: Azapkapı, Bankalar Cd. No:11, 34420 Beyoğlu/İstanbul
TRAm STOP: karaköy
Sakıp Sabancı Museum
A private fine arts museum courtesy of the Sabancı University and the Sabancı family overlooks the Bosphorus from Atlı Köşk also called the “Mansion with the Horse”. It’s a beautiful escape from the hustle and bustle of the city in a relatively unknown corner of Istanbul.
More importantly, the museum has an amazing collection of calligraphy, Turkish paintings, furniture, decorative arts such as porcelain and vases and the arts of the book. A visit to this museum is a must, as it’s one of Istanbul’s top art museums comparable to any from around the world.
Furthermore, this year marks the museum’s 25th year in operation. As such, it has loaned some of its calligraphy and paintings are on display internationally at Bahrain’s National Museum for part of this year.
A beautiful pavilion is the museum’s main building where it holds its collection and temporary shows by international and Turkish artists. Spend some time in the beautifully landscaped garden here as well.
Contemporary artists such as Anish Kapoor and Ai Weiwei have been showcased here. Ai Weiwei’s work featuring porcelain was the first exhibition ever by the artist in Turkey. On the other hand, this classy museum also has expositions on Monet, Picasso, Rodin and Miro, for instance.
OPENING HOURS: YOU CAN VISIT BETWEEN 10 AM AND 8 PM (closed on Mondays)
entrance fee: 40 tl (regular); 25 tl (discounted – students, teachers, retirees, 65+ years)
address: Emirgan, Sakıp Sabancı Cd. No:42, 34467 Sarıyer/İstanbul
ferry/bus STOP: emirgan/çinaralti
Rahmi M. Koç Museum
The Rahmi M. Koç museums are a series of museums scattered around the country, but the one in Istanbul showcases a range of automobiles, communication technology and transportation or what the museum calls “industrial archaeology”.
There are historical scientific instruments, communication devices, steam and diesel engines, special collections by important collectors. You’ll find the Wright Brothers’ Glider Model among other fascinating things here, for instance.
It’s a great museum if you’ve got kids! Moreover, functional cafes and restaurants with historic decor, antique objects and teapots can be found here. For instance, you can enjoy the atmosphere in a cafe near the antique automobiles collection, or grab a simit aboard the Fenerbahçe ferry cafe.
The museum also has submarine tours aboard the TCG Uluçalireis (on loan from the Turkish Navy). Tours on the Golden Horn on one of the oldest steamboat in the world, a tug boat and fishing boat are also available.
OPENING HOURS: YOU CAN VISIT BETWEEN 9.30 AM AND 5 PM (closes 7 pm April-September); (closed on Mondays)
entrance fee: 28 tl (regular); 12 tl (students) and extra fees (submarine or boat tours)
address: Piri Paşa Mahallesi, Hasköy Cd. No:5 D:No:5, 34445 Beyoğlu/İstanbul
bus/ferry STOP: Kırmızı Minare/hasköy
Istanbul Museum of Modern Art/ Istanbul Modern
Istanbul Modern’s old location in Karaköy was a magical and grandiose space with a waterfront cafe. Nonetheless, a new and improved building by Renzo Piano in the same spot is due in 2021, part of the Galata port redevelopment and art enthusiasts and museum fans are waiting in anticipation.
For now, the art museum lies in a temporary space in the historic Union Française building in Asmalı Mescit in Beyoğlu. Some of the Museum’s collection are on view on the 2nd and 3rd floors, while the first and ground floors are reserved for temporary exhibitions of modern, contemporary art and retrospectives. Furthermore, the 4th floor has a photography gallery presenting an exploration of the evolution of photography.
OPENING HOURS: YOU CAN VISIT BETWEEN 11 AM AND 5 PM (closed on Mondays)
entrance fee: 72 TL (regular); 54 tl (students, 65+ years);
residents of turkey: 37 tl (regular) and 21 tl (students, teachers, retirees, 65+ years)
address: Asmalı Mescit, Meşrutiyet Cd. No:99, 34430 Beyoğlu/İstanbul (temporary space)
subway STOP: Şişhane
Panorama 1453 History Museum
Established by the Istanbul Municipality in 2009, this history museum is entirely dedicated to showcasing the Ottoman King Mehmed II and his efforts at conquering Constantinople in 1453.
The museum is a cyclorama with accompanying audio and murals displaying both Ottoman and Byzantine troops and the siege on the walls of Constantinople.
OPENING HOURS: YOU CAN VISIT BETWEEN 8 AM AND 5 PM
ENTRANCE FEE: 20 TL (cash only)
address: Merkez Efendi Mahallesi, Topkapı Kültür Park İçi Yolu, 34015 Zeytinburnu/İstanbul
TRAm STOP: Topkapı
Carpet and Kilim Museum
Located in the same complex as the Hagia Sophia and the Sultanahmet square, the Carpets museum has an amazing baroque gate. It leads you into the history of carpet weaving in the empire, and its importance for the country as a whole. Amazing examples of fine Anatolian carpets and kilims gathered from across the land are displayed here, some from the 14th and 15th centuries. Unique designs, some symbolic and some regional showcase the art of handwoven carpet weaving in Anatolia. This museum is a must if you’re a carpet and history enthusiast!
OPENING HOURS: YOU CAN VISIT BETWEEN 9 AM AND 4 PM (closed on Mondays)
ENTRANCE FEE: 10 TL
address: Cankurtaran mah, Soğuk Çeşme Sk., 34122 Fatih/İstanbul
TRam STOP: Sultanahmet
Istanbul Toy Museum
Not far from Kadıköy, the main district of Asian Istanbul, you’ll find the Istanbul Toy Museum, near the famous Bağdat Avenue. Created by poet and author Sunay Akın and opened on 23 April (National Sovereignty and Children’s Day) 2005, the museum is based out of his family’s historical villa in Göztepe.
Inspired by other a toy museum in Germany, the museum displays antique toys from around the world gathered over 15+ years. There are over 4000 toys on display in this four-floor museum, with the oldest being a miniature violin manufactured in 1817 in France. Moreover, other dolls from the USA from the 1820s, tin toys from Germany, and a variety of porcelain dolls are on display here.
The museum is also well decorated with the changing seasons with Christmas lights on its façade in the winter, for example. Inside, different rooms are decorated according to themes and in the tradition of theatre stages. Consequently, it’s an amazing museum for kids and adults alike as it presents history through the simplicity of toys and dolls.
OPENING HOURS: YOU CAN VISIT BETWEEN 9.30 AM AND 6 PM (closed on Mondays)
ENTRANCE FEE: 18 TL,12 TL for students, teachers and 65+ years old
address: Göztepe Mah. Ömerpaşa Cad, Doktor Zeki Zeren Sokak No:17, 34730 Kadıköy
TRAIN STOP: Erenköy
Istanbul Maritime Museum
The Maritime Museum in the Beşiktaş district near the ferry station highlights one of the most important aspects of the Ottoman Empire — the naval fleet and naval conquests in the Aegean and Mediterranean Seas. The history of the maritime wars is an important part of the history of the empire and has even been recorded by author Katip Çelebi, for example.
The museum has several imperial caiques on display, cannons, lithographs and items used on the Ottoman fleet. Moreover, the oldest surviving galley is on display here. Archives and documentation have only helped expand the research and preservation of these historical artefacts.
In addition, the museum’s research on the Ottoman navy from the 11th century onwards, its preservation works about various naval uniforms and expositions on the famous boats shows audiences a glimpse into the military history of Turkey. One such is the WWI cruiser SMS Goeben, later renamed Yavuz, that played a decisive role for Turkey in the great war.