10 amazing facts about the Palace of Versailles
The Palace of Versailles in an enchanting place where art and nature are perfectly combined. The King Louis XIV is the creator of this unique palace. Located away from the city of Paris, as if he wanted to protect the monarchy from the quivers and the conspiracies of the capital, the stunning palace is a symbol of power. Louis XIV gathered around him the most important figures of the kingdom. Princes, courtiers and ministers lived in Versailles with him. Everything about the palace is one-of-a-kind. From the rooms to the gardens, every tiny detail has been thoughtfully chosen and created so that the palace could achieve its glorious look. Order, balance and symmetry are the best words to describe it.
In this article, I will introduce you to one of the most sublime palaces in the world, sharing with you 10 amazing facts about the Palace of Versailles!
Fact nº1: The King first lived in the Louvre
The King Louis XIV used to live in the Louvre, but since it is located right in the center of Paris, surrounded by buildings, it didn’t allow him to enlarge his residence. The King couldn’t show his elegance and the greatness of monarchy, so he wanted something bigger that would express his grandeur. In 1678, Louis XIV left the Louvre for Versailles. That’s when one of the greatest architectural masterpieces Europe has ever known began.
Fact nº2: The Palace was a hunting lodge
The father of the Sun-King, Louis XIII, had a hunting lodge in Versailles. The history of the Palace started in 1623, when Louis XIII bought a piece of land in Versailles to build a hunting lodge, which was very little for someone who knows the customs of the Royal House of France. The first modifications of the Palace only started forty years later, under the command of the king Louis XIV!
Fact nº3: The Grand Canal was a stinking swamp
The land on which the King wanted to build his impressive palace was not fit for the construction. For the project to happen, there was a need of restructuring the whole area. Earthwork and levelling were essential for the construction to begin. Louis XIII’s hunting lodge was situated on a narrow plateau with many swamps around it. The workers had to fill the area around the plateau with soil and stones, and they also had to dry the swamps up. Nothing was charming about the place before Louis XIV’s great project!
Fact nº4: The water supply was no piece of cake
Versailles was one of the few castles in France that wasn’t located near a river. For a King that wanted hundreds of fountains to be set up, this was a big issue. For his dream to come true, artificials ponds were created. They built aerial and underground aqueducts to supply water for the Palace. All the surrounding waters were redirected to it. But it was not enough. So, for the Kings promenade in the gardens, they would only activate the fountains at the presence of the King during his walks. As he walked, the fountains would be activated and the previous ones would be deactivated. That’s how they gave the illusion everything was working as expected.
But for the fountains to properly work, more water was needed. They had to pump the water out of the Seine river. This exploit was extraordinary for the time. They had to invent new techniques and hydraulic methods. A revolutionary machine had to be built for this project. Pumps draw water for the Seine river and drove it through pipes more than one hundred meters above the Seine level, for it to reach the aqueducts that would lead the water to the Palace.
Fact nº5: There was a dress code to visit the gardens
The Palace was not restricted only for the King and his court. Everyone could freely visit the Palace and walk its gardens. Nonetheless, there was one condition: you needed to be well-dressed. If you did not have a proper outfit, you could rent one at the entrance of the Palace. Elegance was essential in the Palace of Versailles. Whoever did not follow these rules was not allowed to walk the Palace.
Fact nº6: Everything the King did was a ceremony
The life of the King Louis XIV was exposed for everyone to see. At 10 pm, the King used to have dinner, surrounded by courtiers and valets that assist the “Grand Couvert“, as you can see in the picture above. The “public” is placed according to their social class.
In the morning, the courtiers wait in the antechamber for the King to wake up. As he wakes up, members of the court come to assist “this ceremony”. It was very important to be present when the King woke up, to hear but also to be seen by the King. Everything the Kind did, even the tiniest details of his routine, was a ceremony worthy to attend to.
Fact nº7: The Palace was to impress
For the King, the Palace of Versailles was the reflection of his power and the image of monarchy, so it was very important that everything looked sublime and mesmerizing. The Galerie des Glaces is my favorite example of what the King wanted to achieve with this project. He wanted to dazzle the visitors with the mirrors, precious marbles, ornamented gilded bronzes. All the most important figures visited this room, so they could leave with the greatest impression of the King and his amazing tastes. On the vault, one can see paintings that represent the exploits of the reign. At that time, mirrors were very expensive, but the Galerie des Glaces contains 357 mirrors. This showed everyone the wealth of the King.
Fact nº8: The King hired the best men for the design of the Palace
As you now know, everything about Versailles was extravagant. For the design of the Palace, he employed the best architects of the time: André le Nôtre for the gardens, Louis le Vau for the architecture, and Charles le Brun for the decoration. These men did an amazing work! They satisfied all the desires of the King and made all his dreams come true with the help of the workers.
Fact nº9: Large amounts of materials came to Versailles day after day for its construction
For the construction of the Palace of Versailles, materials that come from all around the country of France were necessary. To illustrate the grandeur of France, workers had to work day and night. About fifty different marbles were forwarded to Versailles, but this was a real challenge. The slate that was used for the roofs came from Angers, the white stones came from L’Oise, and the marbles came from Campan in the Pyrenees. These had to come by sea and reach the Seine river, because the routes of the time were of poor quality. It took six months for the marbles to get to Versailles. But it didn’t matter for the King because the construction of the Palace, the most beautiful jewel of France, was the priority!
Fact nº10: New technical and scientific solutions emerged for the enormous project
The construction of the Palace of Versailles was a real challenge for the time. It was one of the most innovative and contemporary projects. For a project of this dimension, the workers had to adapt the technical and scientific tools. They had to find solutions for all the obstacles the construction had to face: for instance, the water. In general, when a new construction was undertook, people used the materials found on site. But, for this Palace, materials had to come from different regions of France. This involved thousands of workers and extraordinary methods.
A few articles I suggest you to read, if you’re interested in Versailles and other cities of France:
- From Paris to Versailles: the perfect day trip;
- Things to do in Versailles;
- Top 5 French cities to see (except Paris);
- Trip to the Loire Valley from Paris.
My article about the 10 amazing facts about the Palace of Versailles is now over! I hope you’ve enjoyed reading this article. Feel free to share your own thoughts. If you know any other amazing facts about this incredible place, share in the comments.
Visiting Versailles is a great idea if you have some time left in France. Check our page to find all the available options for an incredible time in the most magnificent Palace ever.
See you soon!